Best Foods for Thyroid?


Looking for pictures to add at my recent article on thyroid I found several links on internet related to best foods for thyroid so as we can find about everything else.

Foods and way we eat are very important today. For what regard myself since I learned from the Blood Type Diet which foods were generally better for my specific blood group and which to avoid I tried to do my best, and when I was capable to be more consistent with this diet and to renounce to some of those foods I really liked, I definitively felt better besides reducing or avoiding fried and grilled foods, and eating in the cleanest  and light possible way, which is always the best option, at least for me.

There were some foods in the list of the blood type that were not matching with those from an intolerance test I did many years ago and this left me a little frustrated, for example, the salmon is supposed to be a super beneficial food for blood type A, but I had some sensitivity to the salmon, and very unacceptable to the “basil”, ever possible, for me as an Italian?

I could understand about salmon since this was a type of fish I was not used to eat normally because of eating more white fish, but basil? I love basil, I have always eaten, and same in US. I did interpret instead my low sensitivity to wheat for having eaten to much in my life till that time.

After listening the most of doctors I follow in regard of these subjects I realized that maybe like they say there are some differences in the production and/or sources of foods.

For example, in some of these summits they were saying that the wheat in Italy is different, the manufacture, the processing and combination of grain eventually, and this is why people can eat more and do not have problems of intolerance, but then in Italy the best option for diet are the integral grains and the amount is limited anyway.

I understand that as much as there is gluten grains are to avoid for the sensitivity and molecular mimicry  of the immune system that gluten can cause, and this is why they were probably saying that in Italy wheat was different because the percentage of the toxic part of gluten is probably less.

What I know for sure is that in Italy there are problems anyway while food should be better, more fresh and organic, and options are different, Italians eat more fish than meat and more fruit and vegetables; the point is that not all the people follow healthy life style; unfortunately the processed food is everywhere now and in today life everyone is busy, for the choices and options are not always the best also for Italians; in addition there are other reasons, of course, the pollution, the chemicals and all the reasons over-repeated  for people are sick today.

We all got the point, right? We all understand that eating fresh and from the original source is the best option, and that preserving the nutrients in foods is important, and then there are variety of diets and lists of foods for different conditions.

The choices are many and so the suggestions and protocols, and wherever we look at we can find list of elements and foods good for this or for that, recipes, dishes, and way to prepare and to assemble these foods.

The industry of food and all related has grown in an exponential way today and we all are captivated from this, who for a reason who for another.

I must to be honest, as much as I disregard the excess of everything in life, I like this because I like foods, I like the creativity of the thousands of recipes today from all around the world.

So, what are the foods recommended for thyroid and why.

As we can guess main foods for thyroid are all those containing iodine since this is the major element for thyroid function, goiter or not, as long as introduced in our body as food and in  limited quantities should not be a problem for autoimmune thyroid as well, doses vary for age, generally for adults 150 mcg is the recommended amount.

In which foods we can find iodine:

Fish as cod and tuna, algae and seaweeds, shrimps and other seafood, hopefully not contaminated by the variety of toxins in the environment!

In addition, the amount of iodine in seaweed (kelp, kombu, nori and wakame) is variable, in these herbs used in Asian cuisine the content can be very high and for there is to be careful.

Dairy products and products made from grains, but both these last two foods are not recommended for thyroid for the grade of intolerance they can cause, yogurt also has iodine and should be a good food for thyroid, of course low fat and with no sugar added.

Vegetables as kale, watercress, green beans and organic potatoes, based on how much iodine is in the soil, cranberries and strawberries seem to be the fruits with iodine.

Another important element for thyroid is selenium; it looks like to be in most of meat like, ham, beef, pork, turkey and chicken, and in Brazilian nuts.

In general, based on the essentiality of the function and on foods to avoid as cause of intolerance and/or allergies and so of autoimmunity, the main recommended foods for thyroid from specialists are:

Fish, seaweed, oysters, eggs, turkey breast, beans, lentils, baked potatoes, brown rice, carrots, dark green leaves, spinach, broccoli, avocado, fennel, garlic, strawberries and cranberries, apples, almonds and Brazilian nuts, low fat yogurt, green tea, dark chocolate, olive oil, coconut oil, sea salt and pink Himalayan salt. Paleo diet, autoimmune diet, root cause diet are the choice for most of thyroid specialists.

It is important to know and being acknowledged about choices of foods and/or diets we should follow for our conditions, or simply to stay healthy and even if we cannot totally agree or being capable to follow, we must at least try, and more brain washing we have more we realize that this is to take in consideration so as with other things in life.

Thanks for reading

Mariarosaria M.





Thyroid and Stress,Thyroid and Detoxification,Thyroid and Lifestyle,Thyroid and Autoimmunity.

The internet explosion and world globalization have made everything accessible to everyone, and this is one of the reasons for I have been finding not more interesting to write or engaged or inspired.

But there have been other reasons too, like for example, moving and travelling. I have been moving and travelling quite often these last years, from a country to another, and a State to another, but this last period a little bit more!

This could be one of the reasons for repetitive “stress” for me, a word pretty much associate with thyroid and that was not missing in my life!

In the medical and scientific world stress is a positive thing, a stimulation in life, an input to do better, to achieve goals and succeed, but when is the result of stressful situations, and/or unwanted circumstances, it becomes a negative thing and the body has to deal with, and the result over time can be devastating, as we can hear and learn constantly from the scientists and physicians of all the type and specialization of all around the world.

Thyroid is a gland with the shape of a butterfly, with many important functions and pretty much exposed to the environment, and so to the toxins! Under the definition of Dr. Alan Christianson, naturopath and adrenal and thyroid specialist, thyroid is like an “hoarder”, it crabs everything; easy so for this gland to get full of waste or to mistake the absorption of its own elements, like iodine, for example, essential to the production of the thyroid hormones, T3 and T4.

My major source of information of last years for thyroid are three specialists that I follow from time: Dr. Alan Christianson, Dr. Izabella Wentz and Dr. Suzy Cohen, all New York Time Best Sellers authors. There are, of course, thousands more of specialists  around the world, and internet definitions, but these doctors are detailed and meticulous as much as an encyclopedia; in addition they keep writing articles, organizing webinars and/ or participating to world summits to inform and constantly update about new founds and discovers.

Everyone knows about thyroid and its dysfunctions today, mainly hypo and hyperthyroidism and thousand of people are affected all around the world.

I have previously mentioned about the epidemic explosion of these last years of thyroid disease in US and around the world, there have been summits and webinars in regard and the information has been spread all over, before of this internet explosion things were different.

I remember that at the begin of my treatment in US the same doctors did not know much about, and was also not easy to find endocrinologists, while in Italy, my country, things were already common.

Many people, and mainly women just get thyroid dysfunction for physiologic reasons in life, as with the hypothyroidism post-partum or during the menopause and post-menopause period, but this can be transitory and regulated with thyroid hormones doses for short periods.

Hashimotos’ is the main cause of thyroid disease, is an autoimmune disease and is a life-long disease unless people are capable to follow these doctors’ protocols and suggestions, mainly as dietary and supplements recommendations and lifestyle.

The disease can be reversed for these doctors to the point that will be not more necessary being on thyroid hormones but simply on natural complexes that include the essential elements for thyroid, like selenium and iodine, for example. It seems that selenium has the property to lower the antibodies levels in the arch of a year or so, the doses must be monitored because of the toxicity that this element can cause.

Most important is to discover the root cause of the development of the autoimmune process because in the moment we found the reason why the antibodies are attacking our own tissues we can lower the autoimmune process or even to reverse.

For Dr. Izabella Wentz general root causes for thyroid disease are nutrients deficiency, food sensitivities, impaired ability to handle stress and detoxifying, leaky gut and chronic infections like Epstein Barr, Helicobacter Pylori, Blastocyst Homines, Lyme disease, and others.

Dr. Alan Christianson, as already mentioned, compares the thyroid to an hoarder that absorbs everything from the environment, and mistakes other elements for iodine,  like perchlorate in soil, mercury in amalgama and seafood, cadmium from cigarettes and second hand smoke, BPA in plastic, pesticides in food chain and so on.

Thyroid dysfunction is common in women, the genetic plays its role and the family connections as well, Hashimoto’s runs in families. The immune system is overwhelmed, there is too much to control for the system becomes hyperactive and slowing the autoimmunity process develops.

Too many triggers are involved, pollution, depletion of ozone in the atmosphere, no protection from U.V., the food chain, the glyphosates in the ground that through animals arrive to the food, and all the conditions for stress today is the number one reason to get sick.

Chemicals bind to albumin which is a transfer molecule and are not recognized from the immune system generating the autoimmune process, but there are different mechanisms for this, and mainly molecular mimicry and cross-reactivity are the major mechanisms responsible to the development of autoimmunity.

Detoxification from toxins is one of the major problems for Hashimotos’ patients. Drastic detox is not good for thyroid, better moving metals from the environment than from the body, but as more times repeated in different cases discussed and analyzed, glutathione is the best body antioxidant and liver detoxifier, and selenium is an essential element for its production as much as N-acetyl-cysteine.

Water is the best solvent for diluting toxins and the doctors cannot emphasize the essentiality of using purified water and air filters in the indoor environment.

Para benzene in plastic and talete in fragrances are toxins that activate estrogens which are protooncogenes, the doctors have also been talking extensively in regard.

Mold toxicity triggers autoimmune and adrenal dysfunction, they can be found in the environment and in foods like nuts, peanut, coffee, beer, chocolate, and others.

Methylation is very important to get rid of toxins from the body, for example, the arsenic that in low level can be present in water and foods like rice and apple can be converted through the methylation process in a metabolite not more toxic and that can be eliminated from the body; MTHFR is usually associate with thyroid dysfunction.

Multiple chemical sensitivity is a regular problem for people with Hashimotos’ and natural detoxification is the best option: sweating, sauna, water, and compounds as N-acetyl-cysteine, or same glutathione, and methylation-support are essential.

For Dr. Suzy Cohen the major toxins for thyroid are the cadmium in cigarettes, the chlorine in pools, the fluoride in water and toothpastes, and the bromine from gas of new cars.

Dr. Cohen as mainly a pharmacist was always underlying the importance of the diagnostic tests for Hashimotos’, as the most of us know, the typical tests to monitor thyroid function when the disease is already in progress are TSH and T4, but we also know that T3 is the active hormone that enters into the cells to activate the metabolic processes and that there are biochemical conversions to let this this happen.

This is the reason why for these doctors and not simply Dr. Cohen it is important to test T3 and rT3, or reverse T3 which is a molecule that blocks the site for T3, high levels of this can justify problems that cannot be associate with a normal function of thyroid because of a normal TSH and T4 .

There are controversies about iodine for thyroid, and Dr. Alan Christianson is the major reporter about this. We need iodine to make thyroid hormones, but in case of autoimmunity with anti-TPO antibodies, iodine will put fire on gasoline, will increase the inflammation, only in case of goiter with iodine deficiency, iodine, of course, is fundamental. Sea salt is better for autoimmune thyroid, and not iodine salt.

The role of microbiome is essential as well, we all know now that “all the diseases begin in the gut”, toxic substances released from bad bacteria dying are the cause of many problems.

With hypothyroidism there is normally low stomach acid, low digestion, constipation and bloating in this case digestive enzymes are suggested, and a variety of natural ailments to support the stomach acid production.

Gluten, one of the major trigger for Hashimotos’ is not easy to be digested from some people in general and even if does not create immediate problems to muscle and joints, fatigue and allergies, decrease the production of IgA. Gluten can resemble our own tissues for cross reactivity, for the antibodies will attack our own body in response to a gluten introduction.

Intestinal permeability and leaky gut are the reason for the intolerance and from here for the development of the autoimmune process.

Dr. Datis Karrazian, other specialists involved with thyroid looks at the other aspects of the disease and mainly at the involvement of brain. Thyroid regulates all the body functions and systems and of course also the brain can be affected either if there is a low function due to hypothyroidism either because the antibodies can be directed to the brain.

With hyperthyroidism all the functions are hyper and mainly there will be extreme anxiety and palpitations, and there is goiter, the solutions in the extreme cases are surgery and radioactive iodine, while with hypothyroidism there is more fatigue and depression, muscle and joints problems, dehydration and more, a slow metabolism with all its consequences. In both cases there is body’s temperature regulation problems, low with hypo-function and high with hyper-function.

There is not a magic pill to reverse the condition, it takes time and willing power, steps for improvement mainly for Dr. Wentz are:

Removing of the triggers, either if they are foods or an environmental cause or an infectious agent, drinking more water, filtered better, adding gut repairing foods like: bone broth, fermented foods and prebiotics as fibers and healthy fats, omegas 3 foods and supplements, vegetables and fruit in moderation, balancing stomach acid, restoring microbiome flora.

The variety and diversity of foods are important, the rainbow diet, and fresh and organic are the main recommendations. Organic foods are filled with good bacteria, raw foods are important as well for the preservation of nutrients, essential for thyroid where the most recommended are foods dense and rich of nutrients, sulfides for detoxification and minerals for supporting most of the body functions.

Fixing hormone imbalance is also to take in consideration, more important controlling infections with herbs and homeopathic medicine, the balance of cortisol and melatonin is necessary for the sleeping cycle, people with hypothyroidism requires good and restoring sleep.

As with all the chronic conditions the better we learn to accept the condition and to deal with, the better will be the healing and repairing process; with this specific pathology there are of course a number of ups and downs since we are not capable to control everything in life, or we cannot always avoid of doing wrong things, but more we learn more we can cope with our destiny.

Thanks for reading.

Mariarosaria M.




Liver and Detoxification

Doctors are intensively talking about liver and detoxification.

Detoxification is one of the major steps in natural healing and everyone knows about it and from time people are trying to detoxify their body in every possible way also reaching the extreme solutions never suggested from the natural, or conventional medicine.

The concepts of liver detoxification and support are very well explained and defined in books like “The Toxin Solution” of Dr. Joseph Pizzorno as well as “Dirty Genes” of Dr Ben. Lynch, or  “The Metabolism Reset Diet” of Dr. Alan Christianson, to mention some of the books I have read, but many more doctors and scientists constantly remind about the importance of liver and ways and supplements to support it, as for example, Dr. Izabella Wentz and Dr. Andrea Yakama, or Dr. Tom O’Brian, in their books, articles and webinars, not to mention Dr. Peter D’ Adamo lectures in regard, diet, protocols and supplements suggested.

We detoxify through liver which is a multitask organ with a variety of functions, the most important of these is body detoxification, of course, which happens under the description of Dr. Joseph Pizzorno  in his Toxin Solution in 3 main steps:  filtering the blood to remove toxins, producing bile for the excretion of fat-soluble toxins and utilizing enzymes to break down the toxins.

All of this happens through two different phases: phase I and II; in phase I mainly the toxins are neutralized and broken down by enzymes, while this is happening a cascade of free radicals are produced, immediately the body’s antioxidants -whose major is glutathione– begin to neutralize the toxins; if the levels of glutathione are low for variety of reasons, there can be serious damage to the liver and to the whole body’s systems.

For this reason is important during period of body detoxification, and manly liver detoxification to supply with glutathione and/or its precursor like N-acetyl-cysteine, or NAC, or even better to eat cruciferous vegetables which are cysteine rich foods, or sulfuric foods and many others like for example, dandelions, artichokes, or beets and radish, besides fruit and all other vegetables.

In addition to the detailed analysis and description of liver function and discomforts each of these books has its own menu-plan and recipes and specific protocol and supplement’s guide.

A successive step of phase I is solubilization of the toxins, in case of fat-soluble toxins for it is more difficult for the body to get rid of; for this purpose the liver’s enzymes transform  the fat-soluble toxins in water soluble  molecules so that they can be transported from the appropriate systems of excretion out from the body.

If the toxins cannot be neutralized with these systems, they are converted and sent in phase II of the system of detoxification where glutathione has still an important role.

For Dr. Izabella Wentz toxins are a significant root cause for people with Hashimoto’s, she too underlines in her Hashimotos’ s Protocol the chemical processes that happen in liver mentioning the two main chemical pathways for detox, phase I and II.

In phase I under her description there are chemical processes like oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis, hydration, and dehalogenation of fat-soluble toxins, supplements necessary to get free of toxins are: vitamins B3, B5, B6, B12, folates, glutathione, and flavonoids.

In phase 2 there is the elimination of waste, in this phase the processes are: sulfation, glucuronidation, GSH conjugation, acetylation, amino acid conjugation and methylation.

This phase needs nutrients like methionine, cysteine, magnesium, glutathione, vitamin B5 and B12 and vitamin C, glycine, glutamine folates, choline, methyl-sulfonyl-methane, MSM, and N-acetylcysteine, NAC.

Other important substance that helps liver cleaning off toxins is bile. Bile is produced by liver and concentrate in gallbladder. Its role is to break down fats from foods for digestion and from toxins for elimination. With hypothyroidism there is poor bile flow, recirculation of toxins, fat malabsorption, deficiency in fatty acids and liposoluble vitamins and retention of toxins.

Supplements that help support liver and bile flow are: L-methionine, taurine, inositol, choline, milk thistle, dandelion, artichokes, beets, beta-carotene, ox-bile.

For Dr.  Ben Lynch the major step with detoxification is obtained with antioxidants, and major of these is, of course, glutathione, GSH.

Antioxidants neutralize free radicals from oxidative stress and inflammatory foods or from overeating, in this case an inflammatory molecule called methylglyoxal is converted in lactic acid.

Low GSH affects weight too, with low GSH mitochondria cannot function properly for fat instead to be burned for energy is stored in cells causing weight gain.

GSH is the carrier for B12, methylation cycle depends on GSH, when peroxide levels rise as consequences of inflammation and heavy metals accumulation the cycle stop to function if not enough GSH to the point that the GSH/GPX gene gets dirty.

The concept of dirty genes is expressed in his book Dirty Genes and mainly means that if we mess up with our life style choices our genes gets dirty, they go through some genetic variations that cause the on and off of the expression of the gene; they are also called SNPs, single nucleotide polymorphism.

Key nutrients for a healthy GST/GPS and so of GSH levels are foods containing cysteine and sulfur amino acids, like red and white meat, eggs, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, asparagus, artichokes, onion, sunflower seeds.

Also, vitamin B2 supports the transformation of damaged GSH into the antioxidant form. B2 can be found in liver, lamb, mushrooms, spinach, almond, wild salmon. Selenium, which is a key element for glutathione production can be found in Brazilian nuts, tuna, halibut, beef, chicken, brown rice and eggs.

PEMT is the gene that support the liver functions and that affects the ability to produce phosphatidylcholine whose function is to keep cell membranes fluid and healthy, in addition to regulate the transport of triglycerides out of body influencing the bile flow.

With a dirty PEMT there will be gallbladder disorders, SIBO, small intestine bacterial overgrowth, pregnancy complications, muscles pain, in general pain, fatigue and fatty liver.

Key ingredient for dirty PEMT is choline which can be found in eggs, red meat, and chicken, while vegetarian and vegans can find this ingredient in asparagus, beets, broccoli, cauliflower, lentils, green peas, spinach, quinoa and few more.

Fat stored in cells cannot be burned causing oxidative stress, 85% of methylation reactions occur in liver.

For Dr. Alan Christianson the liver is the heaviest organ and largest gland in the body, the main function is to remove toxins from our body, support digestion and regulate hormones and blood sugar. Responsible for processing everything we eat and to store nutrients.

When liver is overburden by extra nutrients energy is stored as fat, and this can trigger a potential devastating inflammatory response that can bring to any kind of diseases.

Addressing fatty liver is essential to regain health, losing weight and obtaining metabolic flexibility.

Other important function is the conversion of many nutrients, non-essential amino acids are made in the liver, the rest we get from food, or for example, cortisol the hormone that regulate stress is made in liver as well.

For Dr. Christianson slow metabolism implies an overloaded liver, for eating less helps to give less work to our liver, in his book he analyzes the different stressors from the environment and other sources and the chemical and metabolic processes coming from these attacks, he also enlists the variety of symptoms and discomforts of an intoxicated liver, or fatty liver.

His diet includes recipes that helps liver to stay clean and healthy, mainly based on healthy starches as complex carbohydrates, good quality proteins and tons of vegetables and recommends at least two protein shakes per day and one meal, and variety of snacks, mainly as vegetables.

For Dr. Peter D’Adamo detoxification is a very important step of the healing process, his main recommendations for supporting liver function and detoxification are first of all based on blood type specificity for he created specific protocols for each type and on general choices for everyone like, for example, for Phase I he recommends among his own products elements like : quercetin, green tea, sprouted cells and a complex of turmeric, bromelain and quercetin together, while for Phase II, his glutathione complex which includes few more herbs and NAC itself, calcium glucoronate, and a liver complex that includes mainly milk thistle and turmeric.

In addition, he has some specific new protocols for type of toxins, for example for general drugs cleaning he recommends: garlic, turmeric or curcumin, fish oil, kale and soybean.

Detoxification is fundamental and personally from the discovery of the blood type diet I understood the importance of it and chose to stay on my clean pathway as for the most of my life was with the doctor’s recommendations for my blood type and with a light detox choice when necessary. My main product for was always one of the doctor products that includes N-acethyl- cysteine in low doses and other blood type specific meant to bind lectins from foods, and his glutathione complex.

For more on Detoxification go to:

Detoxification Supplements

Thanks for reading.

Mariarosaria M.









Cardiovascular Health, Blood Type Correlation and Genetic Factors. The MN System


artistic blossom bright clouds
Photo by Pixabay on

All what I have been learning and reading from Dr. Peter D’Adamo books and articles from time was always interesting and reason for brainstorming.

All the connections among blood groups and diseases or dysfunctions are particularly interesting, but mainly for Dr. Peter D’Adamo it seems to be a strong correlation between blood type and cardiovascular health, specifically between blood groups and the ability to metabolize dietary fats and oils.

It was very interesting and informative at the time of my discovery of the blood type diet that blood group influences the viscosity, or thickness of the blood, and which has powerful implication with circulation.

Different blood types have different levels of cholesterol in blood. Blood type plays also a role in the chemical response to stress, other very important factor in cardiovascular health.

But the doctor also admits that some major risks factors as smoking or poor diet will be the same for everyone no matter what blood type they are.

Besides the common reasons analyzed from the doctor and widely discussed in literature I would like to underline some specific causes mentioned and well recognized today.

For example, in addition to genetics and lifestyle, he tests that a trigger point for cardiovascular disease is chronic low-grade infection, like Helicobacter Pylori, chronic bronchitis, frequent dental infections and gum diseases, all linked to elevated serum levels of an inflammatory marker, the CRP, C-reactive protein, well known to be among one of the most important markers for inflammation.

The effects of superoxide free radicals from oxidative stress and smoking dramatically increase free radicals’ activity; this together fats, fibrin, platelets, cellular debris and calcium deposit contributes to the development of plaques and so of atherosclerosis.

This is also very well discussed in Dr. Michael Murray book titled “Cholesterol Heart Health”.

Everyone knows about the other major risks for cardiovascular health as hypertension and diabetes for example, body weight and triglycerides and both these doctors analyze and discuss in their books and articles as much as the hundreds of scientists and medical journals around the world.

But as I was mentioning in my previous blog on Controversies and Disagreements, the cholesterol, despite of all talks in regard remains a dilemma and enigma to unlock.

Dr. D’Adamo calls the “The Cholesterol Paradox”. Not all the statistics show connections between cholesterol levels and heart disease, he testifies. It looks like that in regard of blood types, blood type A and AB have high levels of cholesterol compared to blood type O and B.

The major factor for blood type A and AB seems to be genetic, but it is also connected to the high levels of the stress hormone cortisol and to the low level of the enzyme that catalyzes the metabolism of lipids, the IAPI, or intestinal alkaline phosphatase.

It also looks like that the A-antigen in type A may inactivate alkaline phosphatase being this an additional reason of lower levels of this enzyme in the blood of these types.

Type B and O instead, have high level of IAPI, for a better processing of lipids in blood; the risk factor in these types seems to be more related to carbohydrates intolerance and it manifests mainly in gain of weight which is a major risk for cardiovascular disease.

Classic sign of insulin resistance is the “apple shape” figure where fat is located in abdomen, while with the “pear shape” the fat is located by the hip and thighs; this shape has less risks.

This can be obtained calculating the BMI index which is the ratio between the weight in pounds and the square of the height in inches multiplied for a standard factor. Conventional tables show the ideal numbers for different age and sex and so the risk factor.

The reason why stress influences cardiovascular health is because during this time there is a release of fatty acids and glucose into the blood stream; these can be converted into natural fat and cholesterol and deposited on the arterial wall where they create resistance to the blood flow and contribute to high blood pressure.

Blood type A and AB, in addition have higher amounts of the factor VIII, coagulation factor, one more reason for tendency for strokes and thrombosis. Blood type O and B with thinner blood instead maybe more at risk for hemorrhagic strokes.

Selectins are molecules involved in adhesion of white blood cells to blood vessels, improperly controlled of these can cause increase of inflammation. These also are present in high levels in blood type A.

Referring to the difference between secretor and non-secretor, in general, non-secretor are more likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease and related syndromes for a combination of number of factors previously analyzed.

 The MN System

It was very interesting to learn about the existence and importance of this system in regard of the classification of blood groups systems. It seems that a variety of diseases are associate with this system. It was discovered by Landsteiner and colleagues in 1927, and involves three variants, MM, NN, MN, based on whether cells have only the M antigen, MM, the N antigen, NN, or both, MN.

Around 28% of the population types out as MM, 22% as NN, and 50% as MN.

The MN system has been shown to have a role in cancer, infections, and heart disease susceptibility.

The M antigen is the precursor of one of most common tumor associate antigens, the ThomsenFriedenreich (T) antigen, which is expressed in a variety of cancers.

MM individuals who are also blood type A appear to have a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease, MN individuals, instead, higher incidence of essential hypertension and asthma. NN individuals are more responsive to dietary regulation of blood lipids, as decreased LDL with the use of low-fat diet.

M and N blood group antigens also interfere with inhibition of viral hemagglutination of some influenza virus strain influencing the susceptibility to them.

In conclusion the parameters analyzed from this doctor in regard of cardiovascular health are mainly based on blood groups specificity and metabolic differences, and the therapies listed from the doctor are the same conventional for the drastic cases, but, of course more important is his cardiovascular natural protocols for each blood type and more than everything, the diet, for each blood type, so important for this  personalized nutrition and at the base of all the healing and detoxifying processes.

Another book that I have found very interesting and complete is a famous and best seller for sure, “Beat the Heart Attack Gene”. It was introduced to me from my prime-care physician and as much as scary to go through I have found very informative.

At glance, this group of cardiologists from Spokane, Washington, describes the causes and types of investigations to find the root cause, and the cases analyzed and solved.

The heart attack gene is named “qP21” a variant “KIF6” magnifies the risks; it is mentioned among all the other reasons that these found in addition can help with the choice of appropriate statin.

These are conventional doctors, but they also look for the root cause and go deep down the cause of the disease, they also suggest a variety of natural protocols and elements to support the conventional therapies so as they provide the list of the most important inflammatory markers as for example: CRP, ERS, fibrinogen and so on, and diagnostic tests for prevention and check-up.

The lipoprotein tests, of course, and LDL particle size very important to establish the risks or not of having high LDL cholesterol levels as much as carotid ultrasound and echocardiogram, to mention some, as typical tests for cardiovascular heart and prevention.

Very accurate, fulfill and detailed book.

Thanks for reading.

Mariarosaria M.

For Heart Health Products go to:

Heart Health Supplements


Cardiovascular Disease “Fight it with Blood Type Diet”. Dr. Peter D’Adamo with Catherine Whitney

“Eat Right 4 Your Type”, Complete Blood Type Encyclopedia. Dr. Peter D’Adamo with Catherine Whitney

“Cholesterol Heart Health”, Dr. Michael Murray

“Beat The Heart Attack Gene”  Bradley Bale & Amy Doneen


Controversies and Disagreements

As I was mentioning in my previous blog “The World Summit” there are too many controversies in the naturopathic world and scientists are the same victims.
For example, the new wave has been testing that cholesterol is not more a risk marker of cardiovascular disease, and there have been numbers of summits and webinars in regard of, diets proposal, and variety of natural protocols, but there are still doubts around this subject.

The American Heart Association new guide lines tests that cholesterol is still a marker for cardiovascular risk, and high values mainly of LDL need to be under control. Statins, of course, besides life style modification, diet and exercise are the main recommendations for this, but we do know at this time how much damaging statins can be to our health, especially if there are chronic conditions.
Yet the naturopathic recommendations can be sometime difficult to follow because of high doses of a supplement suggested, for example as a substitute of statin, high doses of niacin, vitamin B3, are one of the options, but niacin in high doses can have other side effects, as flushing of skin and discoloration, and not simply this I believe in high doses.
Obviously, there are many other elements on the market for managing cholesterol and cardiovascular health: omega3 fatty acids, the most important, and with the variety of function they have for our health besides the circulatory support, polyphenols and flavonoids as major antioxidants, minerals and vitamins, or as suggested from Dr. Michael Murray to reduce the atherosclerotic lesions: lycopene (the pigment in tomatoes), lutein, important for eye sight too, selenium, very important for reducing the level of thyroid antibodies, vitamin E, C, CoQ10, fruit and vegetables, of course, red wine, nuts and seeds.

A product sold on the counter, “Cholest Off” ,made by Nature Made is based on sterols and stanols. Plant sterols are lecithin emulsified present in products as Minute Maid and rice drinks, while pant sterols are margarines, other products may include green tea, bergamot, berberine, this one also good to balance blood sugar levels and not simply, and ginger as well, garlic is another one, and panthetine, or vitamin B5 also helps to reduce cholesterol levels, fibers, of course as oat bran or psyllium, and barley, as recommended from the Mayo Clinic, as much as detoxifiers like sulfur vegetables as cruciferous and artichokes and dandelion .
Both sterols than stanols resemble cholesterol molecules preventing it to be absorbed into the blood stream and clogging the arteries, this way cholesterols is instead washed out.
Phytoestrogens are also included in some products for lowering cholesterol, these are compounds found in plants and foods like whole grain, leaf greens, beans, soy, garlic, and flax seed, and that resemble the effects of estrogens. Most known are isoflavones like genistein in soy, normally used to treat menopause and post-menopausal symptoms, and to lower cholesterol as well.
But the theories in regard are discordant, some studies show that they have beneficial effects on breast cancer, others just the opposite, and because they are endocrine disruptors, they may cause negative effects on health in general, more than everything it looks like that the phytoestrogens in soy are a risk for developing or aggravating hypothyroidism, from PUB MED studies, as much as they can reduce insulin resistance, CRP, and blood pressure. What to believe?
There are a lot more products on the market and mainly based on healthy fatty acids and these variety of elements and natural compounds.
I just found out about a new product for cardiovascular health by Dr. Mark Stengler, and which looks very good for the combination of elements, in addition to come from a trusted source.

As always there is to look at the risks and the benefits. The cholesterol dilemma, though, still remains for me and I really do not know whom to listen if the American Heart Association and what I already knew from time and believed, or the new theories in regard for cholesterol is a “ Salubrious” molecule and key antioxidant for protection from oxidative damage, as Dr. David Perlmutter defines, along with the other properties that we know about such as an important structural compound of the cell wall.

The American Cancer Society recommends healthy life style, diet and exercise and smoking cessation from time, and day by day there are testimonials of healing from cancer also thanks to the adjuvants and supplemental therapies and holistic support.
The benefits are what they are, and therefore we cannot deny the importance and the reason of the explosion of the functional medicine. But we can all be overwhelmed sometime and frustrated from decisions for our health, and provider to listen, or scientist to follow and to trust more than another.

The other controversial still under discussion is around the grains; I thought to be an assessed fact that grains and mainly gluten because of the gliadin, toxic lectin, were to a void, especially in people with autoimmune disease, but latest founds are talking differently, and here I am feeling really confused, happy, but confused!
It looks like that gluten-free products are filled instead of many other dangerous elements for the scientist are suggesting to avoid these, but they all not agree on which grains are the best.

Eluding people with allergies, intolerances or sensitivity, even more celiac, at this point we can all eat pasta and bread, wheat should be better, so as recommended from the Mediterranean diet.  Harvest grainsoat and spelt, amaranth, millet, brown rice and so on were supposed to be the healthiest choices. They still are?

The Ketogenic diet, the most recommended today, it looks like, and mainly for brain health since carbs seem to be the major risk for developing degenerative brain disease and inflammation, does not include grains at all, but this does not look ideal for people with high cholesterol.

While I am writing, one of the doctors I follow, Dr. Tom O’Brian, autoimmune and gluten sensitivity expert, active speaker and researcher is going to hold another international conference on gluten, celiac, sensitivity and autoimmunity in India.
All these scientists are totally against the gluten, and those that keep recommended to avoid, even if not celiac or allergic.
I really do not like this, I am Italian grown up on gluten and not allergic or intolerant, but I understand that long term can cause leaky gut and from here intolerance and autoimmune disorders, and arthritis mainly besides the neurodegenerative diseases.

Tomatoes, bell peppers and eggplants are considered nightshades, and which means that they have lectins that damage tissues and cause of potential autoimmune process, for it is better to avoid, but they also have important flavonoids and polyphenols, mainly the tomatoes.
How can we avoid tomatoes? Dr. Steven Gundry to solve the problem suggests, as many Italians do, to boiling to get rid of the seeds, here where the lectins are, and as a defense system they have developed with time to protect from the attack of predators, as suggested from same Dr. Gundry.
Nightshades are all avoiding foods for blood type A, Dr Peter D’Adamo Blood Type Diet; never liked that, but at the start I was doing big efforts and trying to avoid the best I could, and I have to say, every time I have been trying to follow this diet, I was always feeling better.
Being adjusted to the Mediterranean diet since I was born, I am letting go myself lately more into this again; in addition, this is also suggested from the American Heart Association and the American Cancer Society.

But there are restrictions anyway with the Mediterranean diet in regard of grains, normally this diet suggests to eat whole grains and in small quantities, even more Dr. Mark Stengler, naturopath and oncologist, empathizes this diet a lot as well as Dr. Michael Murray, but they both warn in regard of grains being these carbs and so not appropriate especially for cancer since the sugars are the worse enemies and food for cancer cells, but, it looks like a problem in general.
Still the grains, not matter, no way!

Thank you for reading

Mariarosaria M.

Probiotics and Microbiome

Probiotics are beneficial microorganisms that can help with a variety of problems from constipation, diarrhea, indigestion to migraines and fatigue, lowering cholesterol and inflammation, preventing cancer and many more conditions.
Alterations in the intestinal tract can directly affect the body’s immune system. Gut bacteria play a role in the production of neurotransmitters, enzymes and vitamins and other essential nutrients.

Dysbiosis happens when harmful bacteria dominate the gut’s flora causing intestinal and systemic conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), metabolic syndrome, celiac disease, allergy, and many more.
Since the discover of antibiotics many diseases have been eradicated, but the overuse and non-proper use have led to the antibiotic resistance phenomenon and to the colonization of unfriendly bacteria, (biofilms), cause of a number of problems.

The research shows that there is a network of neurons along the intestinal gut so extensive to be named the “second brain”, or “other brain” and which manages every aspect of digestion, and allows the bacteria to communicate each other and with the brain. The microbiome of the microbiota has been mapped and is considered the “second genome”.
Most of the microbes of a baby’s gut community are acquired during a vaginal birth where they are exposed to either vaginal than intestinal bacteria, babies born by Cesarean section (sterile procedure) lack this exposure having high rate of allergy, asthma and autoimmune problems.

The number of microorganisms in the human body reaches the astronomic number of 100 trillion! They are everywhere! An estimated 1000 different species or types and together they weigh ~3 pounds.  Probiotics must be identified by genus, species and strain levels, as an example, Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG, genus: Lactobacillus, species: Rhamnosus, strain: GG.
Here is Dr.Ben Lynch Protocol for Gut Health, but there is a much more variety of probiotics complexes.

To learn more about this company go to:

Prebiotics are non-digestible, fermented food ingredients, often fibers that stimulate the growth of beneficial microorganisms, fruit, vegetables, legumes, honey and whole grains.
Their health effects are: prevention of diarrhea or constipation, modulation of the metabolism of the intestinal flora, cancer prevention, positive effects on lipid metabolism, mineral absorption, immunomodulatory properties.
Probiotics and prebiotics together are called symbiotic. Fermented dairy products as yogurt and kefir are considered symbiotic because they contain live bacteria and the fuel necessary. Probiotics can be found in supplement, of course, and fermented foods and cultured milk products. The bacteria found in most probiotics usually are made from two main groups Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium, each of these contains different species such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifido, each with different strains.

Antibiotics kills friendly bacteria too along with the bad ones, we are not simply exposed to any antibiotic therapy we might need during a course of a life, but to all added to foods, especially from meat treated with antibiotics for variety of reasons.
Probiotics are very effective to treat unpleasant side effects of antibiotic therapy, they can also decrease the symptoms associate with lactose intolerance due to the lack of the enzyme that metabolize this sugar.

Probiotics as other supplements should be used carefully and after consulting a health care provider especially in case of immunocompromised individuals, newborns and pregnant women.
Potential sides effects of probiotics are: intestinal gas and bloating, infections in people with underlying conditions, metabolic activities due to stimulation of the immune system for the possibility to be a source of genes that can be transferred to dangerous microorganisms colonizing the environment.
As always there is to look at the benefits and risks of what we introduce in our body.

Many researchers are involved into the study of microbiome and function of bacteria. One of these doctors, Dr. Raphael Kellman, has a classifications of species and strains that can be very helpful to understand which probiotic to choose based on a condition; in addition in his book intitled “The Microbiome Diet”, the doctor includes data on microbiome studies and experiments done with his patients of appropriate diet for microbiome.
Diets for balancing the microbiota and healing a leaky gut, or permeable intestine, are sort of ketogenic diets, and mainly based on these choices.
They mainly eliminate a variety of “inflammatory foods” as, sugars, grains, dairy and eggs and rely on fresh and organic fruit and vegetables, mainly steamed vegetables, yogurt, kefir and fermented foods, wild caught fish, omega3 fatty acids, coconut oil, and more than everything, bone broth, this one very important and heavily discussed lately.
The elements and amino acids in bone broth are very important for the healing process of the intestinal wall, to mention some of these, glutamine, glycine, and proline, so as collagen, so important as well.

General role of microbiome for GI disorders is to improve the ecology, and the gut wall fortification necessary for repairing and maintaining the junctions tight to seal out unwanted molecules.
The best strains to improve and repair gut are: Bifidobacteria, which play a role in the health of large intestine and colon, specifically: B. lactis BI-04, B. bifidum BB-06, B. lactis Bi-07, B. lactis HN019, B. breve BB-03.
They help to reduce bloating and decrease transit time and constipation, lower inflammation and regulate the immune system.

This is what Dr. Kellmann suggests, for:

Constipation: Bifidobacterium lactis DN-173010; it looks like to be in Activia yogurt
Saccharomyces boulardii, L. acidophilus LA5, L. paracasei (L. casei 431), Bifido BB12, all found in a product that combine also the prebiotic inulin and GSO.
Diarrhea: L. acidophilus LA-1, L. paracasei LPC-37, L. rhamnosus LR-32, generally in master supplement like Theralac, or Culturelle.
Leaky Gut: Bacillus longum, Lactobacillus planatarum, L. reuteri, L. rhamnosus GG; they all increase tight junctions between intestinal cells, fortify the wall and support healthy immune function.
IBS: Bacillus coagulans, B. infantis, B. longum BB536, L. acidophilus, L. bulgaricus, L. haelveticus, L. paracasei, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus GG, S. boulardii, S. thermophilus.
Anxiety and Allergies: L. casei, L. rhamnousus, L. paracasei
Anxiety, Depression and Stress: Bifidus and Lactobacillus, L. helveticus R0052 and B. longum RO175, L. rhamnosus JB, L. casei and acidophilus for depression specifically, B. breve and L. plantarum PS128, this last one not only reduce anxiety and depression but also improves neurotransmitters related disorders and neurodegeneration.
Immune system and Adrenal Health: B. infantis, B. breve 1205, B. longum 1714. S. boulardii is the most powerful and useful organism to reduce inflammation and remove unwanted yeast and regulate the immune system and quieting the dysfunction of an autoimmune disorder; in these cases, it is suggested to be part of daily routine.
Cognitive Decline: Unhealthy microbiome creates high levels of ammonia, NH3, cause of brain fog and poor concentration and inability to think, poisoning the brain and causing inflammation, here are the strains: B. infantis, B. breve, L. acidophilus, L. rhamnosus, L. plantarum, L. casei, S. thermophilus, S. boulardii
Inflammation: Best strain to lower inflammation: Bifido infantis 35624, as in Align, decrease the level of cytokines and reduces the levels of LPS (cell wall of GRAM negative), lipopolysaccharide from the bacteria’s wall., L. reuteri, L. rhamnosus, L. plantarum, B. bifidum, B. longum, all reduces level of LPS, B. infantis lowers levels of TNFa, tumor factor.
Women Health: B. coagulans, L. fermentum, L. rhamnosus GG
Cholesterol Lowering: B. lactis, B. faecum, L. acidophilus, L. curvatus, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, L. reuteri.
The dosage is very important and must be between 10 and 50 billion of CFU of bacteria, even 450 billion for ulcerative colitis.
For Hashimoto’s thyroiditis are suggested high doses of multi-strains for a synergic effect, while S. boulardii is a yeast used to get rid of Helicobacter Pylori, and very common with Hashimoto’s.

In regard of this bacteria responsible of causing stomach ulcer and from here eventually cancer there are some new emerging hypothesis right from Dr. Kellman as well as from Dr. Steven Gundry. They both believe that H. Pylori is a beneficial intestinal commensal and that its presence is of many benefits: regulates the acid production in body, and helps to regulate the production of ghrelin, the hormone of appetite, and leptin that instead signals the sensation of fullness. Studies done in regard have showed that people treated for H. Pylori have gained more weight.

One of the key concepts of the Microbiome diet are the prebiotics. Prebiotics and fibers are the foundation of a healthy microbiome. In the process of digesting these fibers the bacteria produce metabolites known as short chain fatty acids, as butyric acid, for example, found in ghee, with a number of protective and nourishing role in human body.
To mention some of these: larch arabinogalactan, inulin, pectin, oligofructose, fructo-oligosaccharides, FOS, galacto-oligosaccharides, GOS.
Acacia fibers exhibits a variety of health benefits, as lowering cholesterol, balancing sugar and normalizing bowel function.

Tests recommended from Dr. Kellman for Microbiome are:
Inflammatory markers like: CRP, ESED, TNF-alfa, il1, IL6, IL8 and IL10
Thyroid function tests: TSH, FT3 and T3, FT4 and T4, antibodies levels: TPO, TG-Ab, TSI, TRH,
Homocysteine and cholesterol. Pathogens and toxins.
Stool test. Hydrogen/Methane Breath Test.

Thanks for reading.

Mariarosaria M.


Microbiome Summits, 2017 and 2018
Food Nutrition and Health, Probiotics. Education to Go, Everett Community College, WA
“Microbiome Medicine, How Bacteria Can Cure Us”, The Microbiome Diet, Dr. Raphael Kellman, M.D.



Biofilms are one more subject discussed lately because of the importance given to the microbiota. In biofilms, microorganisms grow in multicellular aggregates encased in a sort of matrix produced by themselves. This aggregation provides them protection and surviving strategies. The dental plaque is a typical biofilm.

“The Role of Bacterial Biofilm in Chronic Infections”

The author of this article, Dr.Thomas Bjarnsholt, tests that biofilm infections are a new category of chronic infection which affect millions of people in the developed world, in contrast to acute infections caused by pathogenic bacteria and which in the past have caused millions of deaths
Biofilms infections are caused by colonies of bacteria growing in encased protective coat generated from their own production of a matrix of polymeric material for they attach to surfaces producing the biofilm, and thanks to what they survive to drastic environment and attack from antibiotics.
Common bacterial infections were very serious before, people could die for any type of disease that today can be cure with antibiotics. On the other hand, since the development of antibiotics, there has been an increase in slow‐progressing infections.
These infections cannot be easily detected and contrasted from antibiotic therapy resulting in persistent infections.
The author defines environmental biofilms as “general ecosystems of aggregating bacteria that are present in their natural habitat with an essential function”. These can include bacterial aggregates that live as commensalism with the human body without causing disease or those found in the environment.
Dental plaque was the first location in the human body were biofilms were described. The initial stages are dominated by bacteria in different stages of cell division forming monolayers, the progressive cell division in these microcolonies brings to the production of multilayered biofilms.
The first bacteria to colonize this environment are Streptococci.
The human gut is the next environment after the oral cavity, where commensal multispecies biofilms form. A wide range of bacterial species exists in the human intestine, which interact symbiotically with the host.
The host immune system is stimulated by the microbiota while the binding of pathogenic bacteria to the epithelium is competitively inhibited.
If this healthy microbiota is destroyed by antibiotics, chemotherapy or a change in the diet, intestinal colonization by pathogenic bacteria or viruses will happen, and this will cause disease.
In general, bacteria have two life forms during growth and proliferation. In one form, the bacteria exist as single and independent cells, in the other form are organized into sessile aggregates, and this is the biofilm growth phenotype. Acute infections are caused by independent bacteria while chronic infection should be the consequences of the biofilm.

“Biofilms and Herbal Medicine”

For Dr. Peter D’Adamo the biofilm’s attachments are the result of lectin-like adhesions between the microbe and the gut, respiratory, urinary and reproductive tract. Since many of these lectins rely on sugars, and the most common sugars on cells membranes are those of the ABO blood types, microorganisms have a specificity based on blood groups in order to attack.
One of the approaches for controlling bacterial infection involves the interference with the ability of communication among bacteria. Many bacteria modify their genetic expression based on the environmental conditions.
Bacterial organelles, as pilum and flagella and fimbriae are the tools that bacteria utilize to get stick together.
Flagella are projections that protrude from their body allowing them of moving around.
Pilum connect bacteria together, allowing for the formation of colonies and the exchange of genetic information, and which results in resistance to antibiotics. Fimbriae are used by bacteria to adhere to one another. A genetic mechanism allows the switch between pili and fimbriae based on the environment conditions as previously mentioned.
Dr. D’Adamo observes that the actions of cranberry juice on urinary tract infections seems to be the result of the juice’s high concentration of the sugar mannose known to block the attachment of two classes of fimbriae and interrupting this way the communication among the bacteria.

He mention as an example of the level of cooperation during biofilm formation a phenomenon called quorum sensing. The first bacterial colonists send a variety of signaling molecules towards the receptors of other bacteria inducing them to alter their own genes. This allows them to adhere to the biofilm and to produce additional signaling molecules.
Biofilms are object of intense research in biomedicine and may provide explanations of why certain infections are so difficult to eradicate in some patients. Most attention is on the discover of substances that interfere with the signaling that are involved in quorum sensing.
In the rest of the article the doctor investigates the different signaling molecules, enzymes in the process and the effects on bacteria communication, and natural substance which can interfere with this mechanism.
“The two most common auto-inducers seen in bacteria are known as AHL (N-Acyl Homoserine Lactones) and Auto-inducer family (AI-2, AI-3)”.

AHL are signaling molecules found in many gram-negative bacteria. Common gram-negative bacteria include H. pylori (ulcer causing bacteria), Salmonella (food poisoning), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Spirochetes (Lyme disease), Proteus and E. Coli (urinary tract infections)”. They are inactivated by an enzyme called lactonase.

It looks like that a major source of lactonase activity is via the PON1 gene, which codes for the enzyme paraoxonase. The main effect of this enzyme is to block the artery clogging effects of LDL cholesterol by enhancing the antioxidant functions of HDL.
“An additional link between chronic infectious states and cardiovascular disease”.
Several natural products, including quercetin, plant bioflavonoid, pomegranate juice, and NAC (n-acetyl cysteine) have been shown to increase paraoxonase activity, but it looks like that most of the studies have been done in tissue culture or on rats.
Dr. D’Adamo observes that “there is quite a bit of variation (polymorphisms) in the PON1 gene and it is doubtful that the animal quercetin studies are extendable to humans, as each species metabolizes quercetin somewhat differently”.

The second series of signaling molecules used in quorum sensing are the “auto-inducer” The auto-inducers work on both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. “Common gram-positive bacteria include Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Clostridium (botulism)”.
“Some evidence indicates that foods containing furocoumarins inhibit their signaling. Common furocoumarins in the diet include grapefruit juice and bergamot. Some species of seaweed are also being investigated for their ability to jam bacterial signaling”.

Biofilm and Stress

In this part the doctor underlines the connection between stress, neurotransmitters related and biofilms.
The stress hormone norepinephrine affects parts of the brain where attention and responding actions are controlled. Norepinephrine is synthesized from dopamine. The gene for dopamine has shown some association linkages with the gene that code for ABO groups.

Both epinephrine and norepinephrine are present throughout the gastrointestinal tract. It looks like that blood group O individuals with high level of stress may have more problems with infections due to overgrowth in the gut, especially true for type O individuals with the “Hunter” epigenotype.
Dr. D’Adamo has his own classification of genotypes based on biometric and metabolic calculations, blood type and secretor status, family history and more. There are 6 genotypes and the book that describes this epigenetic classification is called “Change Your Genetic Destin”.

Herbal medicine and biofilms

In this section of the article the doctor considers the different herbs and relation to biofilms, their action and/or interference. I am only mentioning some of these.

Seaweeds seem to possess a very strong ability to resist biofilm formation, probably-as he defines- “an evolutionary adaptation to the harsh demands of living at the interface of land and sea”.

Andrographis paniculata has been used since the ancient times from Aryuvedic medicine and others, the plant extract exhibits antityphoid and antifungal activities. Andrographis is also reported to possess hepato-protective, antibiotic, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory properties.

The main active component of this herb was reported at the time of the article to inhibit the bacterial quorum sensing system. A successive study using variations of this component verified this observation.

Schisandra chinensis is an adaptogenic herb used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve the ability of the body to respond to stress. The major constituents in schisandra are lignans found in the seeds of the fruit. Modern Chinese research suggests these lignans have a protective effect on the liver and an immunomodulating effect.

Eleutherococcus senticosus is also known as Siberian ginseng. The applicable parts of Siberian ginseng are the root and leaf. The lignin constituents seem to have immunostimulatory effects. As an adaptogen, Siberian Ginseng is considered to possess stress-modulating effects.
Siberian ginseng and Schisandra chinensis both stimulate the expression of chemicals involved in the chemical defense against stress.
The conclusion under the doctor view is that stress seems to really impact biofilm formation, therefore is very important controlling noradrenaline levels in the gut.
This herbal approach works well with whatever anti-lectin therapy (diet, anti-adhesion supplements) he uses with his patients.

Thanks for reading

Mariarosaria M.

Resources: lectin connection/natural products-research/biofilm and herbal medicine. Reviewed and revised on May 2018